Estate Planning and Revocable Living Trust Attorneys and Lawyers
The Revocable Living Trust in Florida
The revocable living trust, or “living trust” can be a means of avoiding probate and saving taxes at death. The living trust in Florida is controlled by the Florida Trust Code (Florida Statutes, Chapter 736). The revocable trust has certain advantages over a traditional last will and testament, but there are many factors to consider before you decide if a revocable living trust in Florida is best suited to your overall estate planning needs and objectives. The experienced Jacksonville estate planning lawyers and and revocable trust attorneys at the Coleman Law Firm, can help you evaluate the appropriateness of a revocable living trust in Florida within the scope of your overall estate planning needs.
Under Florida trust law, a Florida living trust allows you to avoid probate by transferring title to your assets to the revocable living trust in Florida, and avoiding probate because there are no assets titled in the trustmaker’s name. If you want to avoid probate, you should consult with your living trust lawyer.
Why should I consider creating a revocable trust?
If you need the assistance of a Florida trusts attorney for a revocable living trust or estate planning in Jacksonville, Florida, please contact your Jacksonville attorney for revocable living trusts at 448-1969, toll free at 866-510-9099, or email is at Info@TheColemanLawFirm.net.
Frequently Asked Questions about The Revocable Living Trust in Florida
The following frequently asked questions and answers will help you understand the advantages of the revocable living trust in Florida.
1. WHAT IS A REVOCABLE LIVING TRUST?
A revocable trust is a document (the “trust agreement”) created by you or your estate planning attorney to manage your assets during your lifetime and distribute the remaining assets after your death. Florida trust law, through the Florida Trust Code, governs how trusts are treated in Florida. The person who creates a trust is called the “grantor” or “settlor.” The person responsible for the management of the trust assets is the “trustee.” You can serve as trustee, or you may appoint another person, bank or trust company to serve as your trustee. The trust is “revocable” since you may modify or terminate the trust during your lifetime, as long as you are not incapacitated. Because of the complexity of a living trust, and the need to transfer your assets to the trust for it to be effective, it is best to obtain legal advice from an experienced Jacksonville trust lawyer when planning your Florida revocable living trust.
During your lifetime the trustee invests and manages the trust property. Most revocable living trust agreements allow the grantor, or settlor, (you) to withdraw money or assets from the revocable living trust at any time, and in any amount. If you become incapacitated, the trustee is authorized to continue to manage your living trust assets, pay your bills, and make investment decisions during your incapacity. This may avoid the need for a court-appointed guardian of your property in the event of your incapacity. This is one of the advantages of a revocable trust in Florida. To learn more about the reasons for avoiding a court-appointed guardian contact your Jacksonville trust lawyer for revocable living trusts in Florida to determine how a revocable living trust lawyer or attorney at the Coleman Law Firm, can assist you with achieving your estate planning goals.
Upon your death, the trustee (or your successor if you were the initial trustee) is responsible for filing a “Notice of Trust”, paying all claims and taxes, and then distributing the trust assets to your trust beneficiaries as described in the revocable living trust agreement. The trustee’s responsibilities at your death are discussed below. If you are the successor trustee of such an agreement, you should consult with your Jacksonville living trust lawyer to see how to handle the treatment of your responsibilities as trustee. You can call us at 904-448-1969 or toll free at 866-510-9099 for assistance with you Florida living trust.
What does it mean to fund a trust?
Your assets, such as bank accounts, real estate and investments, must be formally transferred to the trust before your death to get the maximum benefit from the trust. This process is called “funding” the trust and requires changing the ownership of the assets to the trust. According to Florida trust law, assets that are not properly transferred to the trust may be subject to probate. However, certain assets should not be transferred to a trust because income tax issues may arise. You should consult with your Florida estate planning attorney, tax advisor and investment advisor to determine if your assets are appropriate for trust ownership in Florida. If you would like the assistance of your Jacksonville revocable living trust lawyer or estate planning attorney, please contact the Coleman Law Firm by email , or by telephone at 904-448-1969 or toll free at 866-510-9099, so that we can assist you in making the determination of whether the revocable living trust is appropriate for your circumstances.
2. WHAT IS FLORIDA PROBATE?
Probate is the court-supervised administration of a decedent’s estate. It is a process created by Florida law to transfer probate assets from the decedent’s name to his or her beneficiaries or heirs. A personal representative is appointed to handle the Florida probate estate administration. The Florida probate process ensures that creditors, taxes and expenses are paid before distribution of the estate assets to the beneficiaries of the probate estate. The personal representative is accountable to the Florida probate court as well as the estate beneficiaries for his or her actions during the Florida probate administration. For probate estates having less than $75,000 of non-exempt assets, Florida probate law provides a simplified probate procedure, known as summary administration. For answers to frequently asked questions about Florida probate and Florida probate lawyers, click here.
3. ARE ALL ASSETS SUBJECT TO FLORIDA PROBATE?
No, only assets owned by a decedent in his or her individual name require probate. Assets owned jointly as “tenants by the entirety” with a spouse, or “with rights of survivorship” with a spouse or any other person will pass to the surviving owner without probate. This is also true for assets with designated beneficiaries, such as life insurance, retirement accounts, annuities, and bank accounts and investments designated as “pay on death” or “in trust for” a named beneficiary. Assets held in a revocable trust will also avoid probate. However, the use of joint ownership and beneficiary designations may create other adverse consequences within the context of your overall estate plan.
For instance, joint tenancy property, because it is automatically transferred to the surviving owner at the death of one owner, is not available for the decedent’s federal estate tax exemption. For a couple with a taxable estate (over $2,000,000 based on current law after December 31, 2010), having all of their property jointly owned, with rights of survivorship, could result in the beneficiaries of the estate incurring as much as $900,000 in unnecessary estate taxes. Before you rely exclusively on joint tenancy or beneficiary designations to avoid probate, please contact an experienced revocable living trust lawyer or estate planning attorney at The Coleman Law Firm to learn how it may impact your potential estate tax obligation.
4. HOW DOES A REVOCABLE TRUST AVOID FLORIDA PROBATE?
A revocable living trust avoids probate in Florida by effecting the transfer of assets during your lifetime to the trustee. This avoids the need to use the probate process to make the transfer after your death. The trustee has immediate authority to manage the trust assets at your death; appointment by the Florida probate court is not necessary. However, pursuant to the Florida Trust Code, the trustee of the revocable trust has no authority over assets that are not titled to the revocable trust.
The “funding” of a revocable trust is critical to successfully avoid probate. Those persons who do not fully fund their revocable living trusts in Florida often need both a probate administration for the non-trust assets as well as a trust administration to completely distribute the trusts assets. Because the revocable trust may not completely avoid probate, a simple “pour over” will is needed to transfer any Florida probate assets to the living trust after death.
5. HOW DO I KNOW IF MY ASSETS ARE PROPERLY TITLED TO MY FLORIDA LIVING TRUST?
The account statement, stock certificate, title or deed will make some reference to the revocable living trust or to you as trustee, and should include the date of the revocable living trust. You might also elect to fund your trust by naming the trust as a beneficiary of life insurance or other similar arrangements.
Your Florida estate planning attorney and financial advisor may assist you with the transfer of assets to your Florida trust to ensure that your assets are properly titled. If your trust will own real estate then it is important to have the deed prepared by an experienced Florida estate planning attorney or revocable living trust lawyer. The Florida trusts attorney will consider the impact of existing mortgages, title issues and any exempt Florida homestead restrictions when the deed is prepared and recorded with the Florida circuit court clerk. A deed transferring real property to a revocable living trust should have special language not commonly found in deeds that will help ensure that the trustee of the revocable trust can transfer the real property out of the revocable trust in the future without creating real property title issues.
If you would like to have your existing revocable living trust, or the titling of your assets to your revocable living trust reviewed by an experienced revocable living trust or estate planning lawyer or attorney,please contact your Jacksonville trust lawyer at the Coleman Law Firm, to schedule a consultation. For an appointment please call (904) 448-1969, or toll free at (866) 510-9099.
6. CAN THE REVOCABLE LIVING TRUST HOLD TITLE TO MY EXEMPT FLORIDA HOMESTEAD?
In some situations your exempt Florida homestead property can be transferred to your revocable trust. Most Florida counties have special requirements to maintain the Florida homestead tax exemption and special language may be required in the revocable trust agreement and the deed transferring the Florida homestead to your revocable trust. The Florida homestead exemption and living trust rules sometimes requires that the homestead property not be titled to the living trust. Such an occasion may arise if you have minor children. Special rules apply when dealing with the Florida homestead exemption and a living trust when there is a married couple involved.
Your Florida revocable living trust attorney can advise you on whether placing your exempt Florida homestead in your living trust is appropriate, and if so, the requirements for a valid transfer of the Florida homestead to the revocable trust.
7. DO I BENEFIT BY AVOIDING FLORIDA PROBATE?
What benefits does a trust offer?
Avoiding Florida probate may lower the cost of administering your estate and time delays associated with the Florida probate process. However, many of the costs and time delays associated with Florida probate, such as filing a federal estate tax return, will also be necessary with a revocable living trust. The administration of a revocable trust after death is similar to a probate administration. The trustee must collect and value the trust assets, determine estate creditors and trust beneficiaries, pay taxes and expenses, and ultimately distribute the trust estate to the trust beneficiaries. A trustee of a revocable trust is entitled to a trustee’s fee for administration of the living trust, as is the personal representative of a Florida probate estate. To the extent professional services of trusts attorneys, accountants and estate liquidators are used to complete the trust administration process, the savings may be marginal.
On the other hand, avoiding probate in multiple states is a definite benefit. Because of the nature of real estate, probate is usually required in every state in which you own real estate. This can usually be avoided by transferring ownership of the real estate to your living trust during your lifetime.
8. HOW ARE ESTATE CREDITORS SATISFIED?
Florida’s trust law does not have a specific procedure for identifying and paying creditors at death. The creditors have up to 2 years from the decedent’s death to file claims against the estate. The trustee may be reluctant to distribute the revocable trust assets to the trust beneficiaries until he or she is satisfied that all claims against the estate have been paid, and 2 years is a long time to wait. For this reason, some clients choose to open a Florida probate estate in addition to the trust administration to take advantage of the Florida probate claim process. The Florida probate law limits the time for creditors to file claims against the probate estate (generally 3 months from the date of notice), and also provides a process for objecting to claims against the estate.
9. DOES THE REVOCABLE LIVING TRUST PROVIDE PROTECTION FROM CREDITOR CLAIMS?
Does a revocable trust protect my assets from my creditors?
In Florida, the assets in a revocable living trust are not protected from the claims of your creditors. During your lifetime the assets in a revocable trust are treated as owned by you, and subject to the claims of your creditor as if you owned the trust assets in your personal name. If the revocable trust assets remain in a testamentary trust after your death, the interests of the trust beneficiaries may be protected from their creditors by a “spendthrift” provision in the trust agreement. Florida law provides special protection for many types of assets, including assets owned by a husband and wife as “tenants by the entirety.” Consideration should be given to these assets when you decide how to fund your revocable trust. Your Florida revocable living trust attorney can advise you on the types of assets that offer creditor protection and the effect of funding your trust with them. If you would like to consult with an experienced asset protection attorney to determine whether you assets are protected from creditors’ claims, please contact your Jacksonville trust lawyer for estate planning at the Coleman Law Firm, in Jacksonville, Florida, to schedule a no cost-no obligation consultation. If you would like additional information about asset protection planning to protect your assets from the unreasonable claims of creditors, click here.
10. DOES THE REVOCABLE TRUST PROVIDE PROTECTION FROM THE FLORIDA SPOUSAL ELECTIVE SHARE?
Florida law provides that a surviving spouse is entitled to a minimum portion of the decedent’s estate regardless of the provisions of the decedent’s will or trust. This elective share is equal to 30% of the estate, including certain assets passing outside of probate. Generally, assets held in a revocable trust will be subject to the elective share. There are some exceptions to the Florida elective share, and the right to receive an elective share can be waived by the spouse. You should consult with your Florida estate planning attorney or probate lawyer regarding the application of the elective share to your particular situation. If you would like to discuss with an experienced Florida estate planning lawyer your rights as a surviving spouse, whether a revocable trust or a last will and testament in Florida probate court, please contact the Jacksonville, Florida based Coleman Law Firm.
11. WHO PAYS FEDERAL INCOME TAX ON REVOCABLE TRUST INCOME?
In most instances, the revocable living trust is ignored for federal income tax purposes during the grantor’s lifetime. The income and deductions are reported directly on the grantor’s or settlor’s individual income tax return as if the revocable trust did not exist. The revocable living trust will use the grantor’s or settlor’s social security number as its tax identification number.
A revocable trust becomes a separate entity for federal income tax purposes when it becomes an irrevocable trust at your death, or stops reporting income under your social security number for any other reason. The trustee of the revocable trust is then required to file an annual fiduciary income tax return (Form 1041). Taxable income, deductions and credits are determined in much the same way as for an individual. Trusts are also allowed a deduction for distributions to trust beneficiaries. In this way, the trust passes on income and deductions to the trust beneficiaries to be taxed on their personal income tax returns. Income that is not distributed to the trust beneficiaries is taxable to the trust at rates that are higher than individual rates.
12. DOES A REVOCABLE LIVING TRUST SAVE ESTATE TAXES?
Revocable living trusts are often credited with saving estate taxes, or death taxes, but this is not entirely accurate. Your retained interest and power over the revocable living trust assets will cause the revocable trust to be included in your taxable estate at death. The revocable living trust can be drafted to minimize the effect of estate taxes, but the same estate planning techniques are available to persons who choose to use a last will and testament as those who choose a revocable living trust.
13. WHAT ARE THE TRUSTEE’S RESPONSIBILITIES WITH A REVOCABLE LIVING TRUST?
What is a trustee?
Serving as trustee of a revocable living trust or an irrevocable trust is no simple task. While very important, the prudent investment of trust assets is not a trustee’s only responsibility in trust administration. Your trustee’s exact powers and duties will depend on the instructions in your revocable living trust agreement. But, in general, the trustee of your revocable living trust will:
Hold trust property
Invest the trust assets
Distribute trust income and/or principal to the trust beneficiaries, as directed in the trust agreement
Make tax decisions concerning the trust
Keep records of all trust transactions
Issue statements of account and tax reports to the trust beneficiaries
Answer any questions you and the trust beneficiaries may have concerning the trust or the administration of the revocable living trust
Your G;ptofs trustee may have broad powers or very limited powers based on the directions and powers your have given the trustee in the revocable trust document. In either case, your trustee is a fiduciary and must follow a strict standard of care, called a fiduciary duty, when performing trust administration functions. An experienced Jacksonville living trust lawyer or attorney can provide counsel regarding the trustee’s fiduciary duties. If you would like additional information about trust administration involving a revocable living trust in Florida, click here.
14. WHO MAY ACT AS TRUSTEE OR SUCCESSOR TRUSTEE OF THE REVOCABLE LIVING TRUST?
The choice of a trustee is extremely important, and may have tax consequences. You can name almost anyone as your trustee. Unlike the appointment of a personal representative of a probate estate, a trustee does not have to live in Florida or be related to you. You can name yourself or any other individual (subject to income tax and estate tax considerations), or a corporate trustee, such as a bank or trust company. The individual trustee can be a family member, friend or professional advisor. Many individuals appoint family members or friends as successor trustee, to assume responsibility for the trust management and distribution after their death. When a family member or friend is chosen, consideration must be given to the person’s qualifications, the potential for friction with other trust beneficiaries, and the potential burden you are placing on that individual. The revocable living trust agreement should allow these individuals to hire qualified professionals to assist them in their duties as trustee, such as Florida trust attorneys, accountants and financial advisors.
15. HOW DO I KNOW WHAT ESTATE PLANNING OR TRUSTS I NEED?
How can I ensure my trust fulfills my intended goals?
This information is intended to give you a basic understanding of revocable living trusts under Florida trust law and the Florida trust code, but it cannot substitute for a thorough review with your Florida estate planning attorney or revocable living trust attorney. A revocable trust must be implemented as part of an overall estate plan. Ownership or titling of assets must be coordinated between the individual grantor or settlor of the trust and the revocable living trust. Decisions must be made as to what assets are appropriate to fund the revocable trust, the transfers must then occur, and the trust asset allocation should be periodically reviewed. Tax considerations must be discussed with qualified tax professionals including estate planning lawyers or trust attorneys. The living trust agreement should reflect your family, economic, personal, and tax goals. A revocable trust can help you accomplish these estate planning goals when properly prepared and implemented with the assistance of an experienced Florida estate planning attorney or lawyer.
If you would like a initial consultation with an experienced revocable living trust, asset protection, or estate planning lawyer or attorney to explore how a revocable living trust may assist you in achieving your estate planning goals, please contact your Jacksonville lawyer for revocable living trusts at 448-1969, toll free at 866-510-9099, or email The Coleman Law Firm, in Jacksonville, Florida, to schedule your consultation.