For most people, thinking about estate planning means focusing on what will happen to their money after they pass away. Death and taxes! But that misses one pretty significant consideration: the need for estate planning for long-term care.
The last thing any of us want to contend with when a health issue arises later in life is having to throw together a hasty estate planning solution in the face of mounting medical costs and anxiety. Your best defense is careful planning with the help of a trusted expert estate planning attorney.
Why estate planning for long-term care is so important
While only about 19 percent of current U.S. residents will need to reside under long-term care for a period of over three years, that number sharply increases when factoring in nursing home stays of a shorter duration — which will still have a substantial impact on your estate and financial affairs.
Whether the care you need takes place in a nursing home, assisted living facility, or with an in-home provider, the out of pocket costs can mount with alarming speed. For example, national average rates for assisted living hover around $3,500 per month, and long term care in a skilled nursing home averages about $8,000 per month. As those costs add up, you could see your assets dwindle much sooner than you’d hoped. Luckily, estate planning and elder law attorneys can help in a number of ways.
What to go over with your estate attorney
If long-term care isn’t factored into your estate plan, you are probably not looking at a truly realistic and accurate representation of your assets and how to protect them from the costs of long term care. Talk to your estate planning attorney about the following factors in order to get on the right track:
- Set reasonable expectations through estate planning for long-term care
It’s impossible to know what life will bring, but we can certainly make educated guesses. For example, are there any major diseases that run in your family? There is a chance you will have the good fortune of staying healthy well into your golden years, but estate planning is an aspect of your financial life in which it’s helpful to protect yourself against worst-case scenarios.
In the estimated likelihood that you will require such care, at what age could you reasonably predict you’ll need it? Do you have any current health conditions to take into account? Exploring these possibilities may not be the most enjoyable exercise, but it’s far better than facing the reality of long-term care with no plans in place.
- Consider a long-term care insurance policy
As Medicare or standard health insurance may not cover your costs, a long-term care insurance policy is one way to protect yourself against draining your financial assets. Ask for resources for finding an affordable premium that isn’t likely to increase prohibitively over time. Begin this process as soon as possible, as your premium will be lower the younger you are when you apply.
Another potential oversight is assuming your long-term care will be covered by Medicaid. Discuss it as an option to determine your qualifications and get authoritative insights about the specifics of your unique financial situation in terms of Medicaid benefits, and what it takes to be eligible for Medicaid. Often a long term care insurance policy can ensure that you have assets to pass on to other family members, or sufficient assets to provide for your own care, or that of your spouse.
- Get smart about living wills and trusts
In order to best prepare your loved ones for complex medical decisions, go over advance directives. In addition, discuss options for setting a revocable living trust, and possibly one or more irrevocable trusts, like a life insurance trust or a charitable remainder trust, as part of your long-term care planning. Proper estate planning for long-term care involves more than just wills and trusts.
It’s also important to create a plan that allows someone you trust to access and utilize your financial resources for your benefit in the event of unforeseen medical circumstances. One common mistake is tying up assets in investments that aren’t liquid and can not be converted to cash when you might need it most. For example, money locked into annuities can result in a fee for early withdrawal. Working with a team of that includes an estate planning attorney, financial advisor, and insurance professional can provide you and your family with the best overall solution to your need for estate planning for long-term care..
Take the time now to talk to an estate planning attorney about the best ways to maintain financial security in tandem with the demands of long-term care. Even if you don’t end up needing long-term care in your lifetime, you can enjoy the peace of mind knowing you’ll be covered.
The process of completing a long-term care plan may sound daunting, but we’re here to help you by making it a streamlined experience — simply get in touch with us today and let us put you in a more secure position for the future through estate planning for long-term care.